DANIEL: God is my judge, or judge of God. He was a Jewish prince, probably born in Jerusalem about B.C. 623, and was taken to Babylon as a young captive for training in the court of Nebuchadnezzar.
Daniel was distinguished for his proficiency in the “wisdom” of his day, and was brought out into public life. He soon became known for his skill in the interpretation of dreams ( 1:17 ; 2:14 ), and rose to the rank of governor of the province of Babylon, and became “chief of the governors” over all the wise men of Babylon. He made known and also interpreted Nebuchadnezzar’s dream; and many years afterwards, when he was now an old man, amid the alarm and consternation of the terrible night of Belshazzar’s impious feast, he was called in at the instance of the queen-mother to interpret the mysterious handwriting on the wall. His interpretation came to pass and the Babylonian king was killed that night.
During the two years of the new king, Median Darius’ reign Daniel held the office of first of the “three presidents” of the empire, and was thus practically at the head of affairs. His fidelity to God exposed him to persecution, but was miraculously delivered (from the lions’ den); after which Darius issued a decree enjoining reverence for “the God of Daniel” ( 6:26 ). He “prospered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian,” whom he probably greatly influenced in the matter of the decree which put an end to the Captivity (B.C. 536).
Daniel 5:12 Expanded Bible (EXB) (Daniel as described by the Persian queen mother)
“The man I am talking about is named Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar [1:7]. He ·was very wise [L has an excellent spirit] and had knowledge and understanding. He could ·explain [interpret] dreams and ·secrets [riddles] and ·could answer very hard [unravel] problems. Call for Daniel. He will tell you ·what the writing on the wall means [its interpretation].”